Will we run out of Lithium?

Worldwide cost of lithium mining per metric tonne.
  • Albemarle (USA)
  • Ganfeng Lithium (China)
  • SQM (Chili)
  • Tianqi Lithium (China)
  • Livent (USA)

How is lithium mined?

Lithium containing ore
Saline solutions

Alternative methods

Who is engaged in the lithium mining research?

Conclusions

P.S.

Pros:

  • Plenty of deposits, supplies are not limited, and because of this, it is also cheap to produce.
  • An ability to charge to 80% state of charge in just 15 minutes, Sodium-ion cells are also well-suited for use in passenger EV buses.

Disadvantages:

  • Low cyclability. Lithium batteries have a cyclic rate of up to 5,000 cycles (sometimes 8,000), which is equivalent to ~15 years of EV bus life. Conversely, sodium batteries have no more than 500 cycles so far.
  • Relatively low power density — up to 120–130 Wt*h/kg, whereas in lithium batteries, density reaches 200–250 Wt*h/kg.

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Daniel is a Partner in Phystech Ventures. Hydrogen fuel cells pioneer in Eastern Europe. Venture capital professional focused on DeepTech, Robotics, Quantum, AI

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Daniel Shaposhnikov

Daniel Shaposhnikov

Daniel is a Partner in Phystech Ventures. Hydrogen fuel cells pioneer in Eastern Europe. Venture capital professional focused on DeepTech, Robotics, Quantum, AI

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